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Droughts, Hurricanes, Pandemic, and Hope: Current realities impacting Caribbean Agriculture

Droughts, Hurricanes, Pandemic, and Hope: Current realities impacting Caribbean Agriculture

Op-ed by the Hon. Saboto Caesar, Minister of Agriculture in St. Vincent and the Grenadines

A united approach to regional agriculture is the only way the agriculture sector in the Caribbean can be hopeful – even amidst the avalanche of seemingly insurmountable challenges.

It is often said that, "God will not give us more than we can bear”. St. Vincent and the Grenadines is currently experiencing one of its worst droughts in over fifty (50) years and the regional forecast for the 2020 Caribbean Hurricane season is not reassuring.

These challenges are the day to day concerns of farmers and fishers as they continue to follow national advisories on COVID-19 health protocols. However, giving up is not an option! Our resilience as a region can be a global successful showcase if we combine our efforts to effectively grapple with the vagaries resulting from our challenges.

The Way Forward:

Over the past eight (8) years, I had the opportunity as a policy maker to traverse the hemispheric front line of food production. COVID-19 has brought to the fore the paramount importance of food sovereignty. Never again in our lifetime should anyone dream or even imagine to slight the critical role of food producers.

I anticipate that the aggregated State budget for regional food production will increase significantly in the decade 2020–2030 as a result of three (3) important factors:

  1. Firstly, there will be a shift in labour towards the food production sector;
  2. Secondly, capital invested in agriculture will have greater projected returns on investment than other sectors; and
  3. Thirdly, technology will provide greater utility in the expansion of agriculture since a new generation of producers will enter the food production value chain. This will encourage the State to increase its support to agriculture investment.

It is critical that we restate that there is a consensus among all regional policy makers that food security is vital. This is a clear expression of a political will to creatively advance the cause of food production and productivity.

Both the OECS and CARICOM Secretariats are busy today, seeking modern modalities to address the food production sector. For the first time, we have seen such speed to create virtual purchasing platforms for food, utilising website platforms, and social media to engage stakeholders within and across Member States.

Shop D Caribbean, a Saint Lucian-based online platform to purchase food and other items.
Shop D Caribbean, a Saint Lucian-based online platform to purchase food and other items.

The aim is that wholesalers, retailers, and consumers can use their cell phones and laptops to make orders of food which will be delivered to their door steps. Currently, logistics and distribution platforms are being designed.

This advent is a creation of the "social and physical distancing" advisories advanced by COVID-19 health protocol officials. Young people are becoming excited and businessmen who are engaged in the distribution of goods are finding interesting possibilities from the virtual marketing of Agriculture produce. It is the way to go!

CARICOM Member States are all urged to create supportive platforms for food production stakeholders through special budget allocations. This is certainly necessary, since farmers and fisher folk will be witnessing significant increases in the cost of production because of climate change and inevitable slowdowns resulting from the pandemic.

Regional barriers to trade must be removed now! The unfounded belief that our 'lamb' is bad, but lamb from distant lands must be better must become a myth of the past.

The following are achievable targets for the Caribbean’s Agriculture Sector that we must seek to achieve when the COVID-19 dust “clears”:

1. There must be a virtual market place for food products made in CARICOM so that consumers throughout the region can access;
2. Intra-regional trade in agriculture products should be prioritised and increased;
3. Strengthening of local food production value chain will reduce national food import bills;
4. The decline in tourism employment will shift labour and capital towards food production investment, until we see a revival of the tourism sector;
5. Emergence of a modern and competitive food production platform; and
6. Establishment of a working cadre of innovative entrepreneurs across the region working to promote regional import substitution.

Effective communication among producers, traders and technicians will be critical for the success of our modern agriculture. Manmade self-centered barriers must be removed. We must collectively own this dispensation. In a truly functioning single market, food products must move freely. I have confidence that we can and will achieve success!

Honourable Saboto Caesar, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Rural Transformation, Industry and Labour in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
Honourable Saboto Caesar, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Rural Transformation, Industry and Labour in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

 About the Honourable Saboto S. Caesar:

Honourable Saboto S. Caesar is a former Island Scholar and lawyer by profession, with a specialisation in Banking and Finance Law. He is the youngest elected member of Parliament in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and currently serves as the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Rural Transformation, Industry and Labour.

 

OECS Communications Unit Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States

 

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The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an International Organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance among independent and non-independent countries in the Eastern Caribbean. The OECS came into being on June 18th 1981, when seven Eastern Caribbean countries signed a treaty agreeing to cooperate with each other while promoting unity and solidarity among its Members. The Treaty became known as the Treaty of Basseterre, so named in honour of the capital city of St. Kitts and Nevis where it was signed. The OECS today, currently has eleven members, spread across the Eastern Caribbean comprising Antigua and Barbuda, Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, St Vincent and The Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Martinique and Guadeloupe. 

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